Respiratory infections can be quite common in dogs. Upper respiratory infections in dogs can affect their bronchi, trachea, throat, and nasal cavities. The condition is especially common in puppies, elder dogs and those with weak immune systems. So, it is imperative for you to understand the respiratory infection symptoms to provide the right treatment.
But before learning the symptoms, you need to learn what causes breathing problems or respiratory infection in dogs. The two microorganisms that are responsible for causing breathing problem in dogs are Bacteria and Viruses.
Bordetella bronchiseptica is the most common bacteria that cause upper respiratory infection in dogs. This bacteria is similar to Bordetella pertussis which causes whooping cough in dogs. It can spread through coughing or shared water bowls. If it is left untreated it can lead to secondary infections of Escherichia coli mainly known as E.coli. It can cause blood poisoning and has been found to combine with parvovirus in dogs and puppies.
Virus such as influenza, adenovirus, and Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) can cause respiratory problems in dogs. The most common viral cause of upper respiratory infection in dogs is Parainfluenza. These viruses can affect the respiratory system and lead to breathing problems in dogs.
Symptoms of respiratory infection in dogs
Note that the symptoms could vary from mild to severe and it is imperative to notice these symptoms and provide quick treatment.
- Coughing, snorting, and wheezing
- Gagging or retching
- Dry nose
- Nasal discharge
- Eye discharge
- Itchy nose
- Drooling or foaming at the mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Labored breathing
Upper respiratory infections in dogs are preventable with proper use of vaccines, a healthy lifestyle, hygiene environment and by drinking clean water. It is important to keep cleanliness and good hygiene in areas where dogs interact in close quarters. Usually, the dogs with a strong immune system can easily overcome the respiratory issues.
In most of the cases, the upper respiratory infection in dogs can be treated with supportive care and antibiotics.
If you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your dog, take them to your vet. It is best to be informed about the diseases that can trouble your dog and/or specific to your dog’s breed. Make sure to provide timely vaccinations to help boost your dog’s immune system and avoid respiratory problems in your dog.
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